College of Arts & Sciences

Date of Award

Summer 8-2003

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Roger Olien, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

H. Warren Gardner, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Duane M. Leach, Ph.D.


Volunteers were an essential tool used to build our nation and communities. The creation and maintenance of communities across the United States relied heavily on the activities of volunteers and their organizations in order to meet the endless needs of both the citizens and the infrastructure. Furthermore, volunteer organizations provided an increase and stability in democracy and in building communities in a variety of ways. First, volunteer organizations filled needs that the government was not able to meet. Second, they were training grounds for developing the skills needed to manage communities. Volunteer associations, by providing avenues and developing skills, helped expand democracy to include those left unrepresented or underrepresented. Third, volunteerism provided an avenue for women and other marginalized groups to engage in policy-making. By seeing the needs of the community and then taking action to meet those needs, volunteer efforts clearly helped develop communities.