College of Health Sciences & Human Performance

Date of Award


Document Type

Research Project Report

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Camille Cassidy, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Steven Aicinena, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Patricia Sherblom, Ph.D.


The purpose of this study was to examine how often collegiate track and field throwers use goal setting, imagery, and arousal management. The second purpose was to determine if there was a significant difference between mental skills usage in practice and competition. The Test of Performance Strategies was administered to 50 collegiate track and field throwers. First, it was hypothesized that less than 20% of the participants would use mental skills very often and that the majority would report using mental skills in either moderate or low amounts. Results indicated goal setting and relaxation in practice were the only two skills highly used by less than 20% of the sample. Therefore, results do not fully support the first hypothesis. Secondly, it was hypothesized that collegiate track and field throwers would report using each mental skill more often during competition than during practice. Paired samples t-tests revealed a significantly greater use of goal setting, imagery, and relaxation more often in competition than in practice.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.