College of Health Sciences & Human Performance

Date of Award


Document Type

Research Project Report

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Lois Hale, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Patricia Sherblom, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Steve Aicinena, Ph.D.


The purpose of this study was to investigate similarities and differences in coaching preferences among male and female basketball players based on gender and level of competition. Participants were 20 male and female basketball programs (2 NCAA Division I Teams, 4 High School Teams, and 4 Middle School Teams). The ages of the players ranged between 12 -24 years of age, with males and females having a comparable age distribution. The instrument used to collect data was the revised Leadership Scale for Sports (LSS) athlete preference version (Zhang & Jensen, 1997). The results of the statistical analyses using a two (gender - male and female) by 3 (level of competition - Middle School, High School and College) ANOVA with a Scheffe post hoc analysis demonstrated that statistically significant differences in preferred coaching behaviors did occur depending on gender, level of competition, and the interaction of gender and level of competition.



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