College of Health Sciences & Human Performance

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Steven Aicinena, Ed.D.

Second Advisor

Lois Hale, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

James A. Eldridge, Ed.D.


Teaching behavior was assessed in this study over a period of two months in an elementary physical education setting. One non-certified physical education teacher served as the subject. The subject’s teaching behaviors were recorded during eight forty-five minutes classes. The eight sessions were broken down into four cycles with two observations per cycle. Each observation was followed with feedback from the investigator on problem areas. The subject was given suggestions for improvement. Data was accumulated through the use of the Arizona State University Observation Instrument. Variables recorded included event recording for (a) use of first names, (b) pre-instruction, (c) concurrent instruction, (d) post instruction, (e) questioning, (f) positive modeling, (g) negative modeling, (h) hustle, (i) praise, (j) scold, (k) management, and it included duration recording for (a) management time, (b) instruction time, (c) engagement time, and (d) wait time. An ANOVA procedure was utilized to assess the effectiveness of mentoring. Significant differences were also found between the cycles for the categories of praise and post instruction. There was a significant decrease in the use of praise and the use of post instruction throughout the cycles. Significant difference was also found for the teaching behavior category of management. Significantly fewer management comments were made from cycle one to cycle two, three and four.



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